History of Mumbai
Mumbai, the capital city of Maharashtra, is an important historical city. Here is the glimpse of the city?s glorious history dating back to 4th century B.C.
Mumbai, once known as Bombay, is one of the busiest cities in the world. Home to more than 10 million people, this place is a flourishing metropolitan city, the entertainment hub of the country and a dynamic city. Mumbai as we know it was founded more than 500 years ago. However, the city has been home to human civilization even during the Maurya Dynasty. The Maurya?s, especially during the reign of King Ashoka, Buddhism was spread in the region. Some of the ancient landmarks like Kanheri Caves were used as a learning center for Buddhist studies during that period. Later on subsequent dynasties, established their stronghold over the land, and modeled the city according to their preference. In the 14th century, the area surrounding the Konkan region came under the rule of Gujarat Sultanate. In the following century, Mumbai witnessed several changes in the reign of power. One of the biggest landmarks in the history of the city was the arrival of the Portuguese. In 1534, they conquered the city and established their trading centers in the region. They named the place Bom Bahia (meaning ?a good bay? in Portuguese). Later on, the English mispronounced name as Bombay, which got attached to the place. During that time, this place was a well-known trading center. The export of silk, cotton, muslin, spices, coconuts and other items were done from the ports of Mumbai. After the marriage of King Charles II of England to Catherine of Braganza, Bombay was gifted as a dowry to the royal couple. Later on, King Charles II lent the region to East India Company for trading purposes. The company transformed Bombay into a lavish city with an estimated population of 60,000. After dissolution of the East India Company, the city came directly under the rule of the British government. They further developed the Konkan and the nearby regions was brought together as an administrative subdivision, and named as Bombay Presidency, with Bombay being an integral part of it. After India?s independence, the city was added as the capital of Maharashtra. In 1995, the city was renamed as Mumbai.
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